Table of Contents
Symptoms of Kidney Disease Stages
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a term that encompasses all five phases of kidney deterioration, ranging from little damage in stage 1 to full kidney failure in stage 5. The kidney disease stages are determined by how efficiently the kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. Your kidneys can still filter waste from your blood in the early stages of renal disease. Your kidneys will have to work harder to get rid of waste in the latter phases, and they may even cease operating completely.
The estimated glomerular filtration rate, or eGFR, is a metric used by doctors to assess how efficiently your kidneys filter waste from your blood. Your estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is determined by a blood test for creatinine, a waste product in your blood. The eGFR value is used to categorize kidney stages.
Stage 1 Kidney Disease Classification
When you have stage 1 CKD, you have modest renal impairment and an eGFR of 90 or more. An eGFR of 90 or above usually indicates that your kidneys are healthy and functioning properly, but you have other symptoms of renal impairment. Protein in your urine (pee) or actual damage to your kidneys are both signs of kidney disease.
Stage 2 Kidney Disease Classification
If you have stage 2 CKD, you have moderate kidney impairment and an eGFR of 60 to 89. An eGFR of 60 to 89 usually indicates that your kidneys are healthy and functioning properly. If you have Stage 2 kidney disease, however, your eGFR is normal, but you have additional indicators of renal impairment. Protein in your urine (pee) or actual damage to your kidneys are both signs of kidney disease.
Stage 3 Kidney Disease Classification
If you have stage 3 kidney disease, your eGFR is between 30 and 59. An eGFR of 30 to 59 indicates that your kidneys have been damaged and are not performing as effectively as they should. Stage 3 is divided into two:
- If your eGFR is between 45 and 59, you’re at stage 3a kidney disease.
- If your eGFR is between 30 and 44, you’re at stage 3b kidney disease.
The symptoms of stage 3b kidney disease or stage 3a are not shown noticeable. However, if there are signs and symptoms, they might include:
- Your hands and feet are swollen.
- More or less urinating (peeing) than usual.
- High blood pressure.
- Low RBCs
- Bone disease
Stage 4 Kidney Disease Classification
If you have stage four kidney disease, your eGFR is between 15 and 29. If your eGFR is between 15 and30, your kidneys are moderately or seriously impaired and not functioning properly. Step 4 renal disease, which is the final stage before kidney failure, should be treated extremely carefully.
Stage 5 Kidney Disease Classification
If your kidneys are operating at less than 15% capacity or you have renal failure, you are in stage 5. When this happens, the waste and toxins pile up to the point that they are life-threatening. This is a condition known as end-stage renal disease.
More About Kidney Cancer
Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a condition in which the cells of the kidney become malignant (cancerous) and grow out of control, resulting in a tumor. The causes for different kidney cancer types are unknown to doctors. Certain variables, however, appear to raise the chance of kidney cancer. Kidney cancer, for example, is more common in persons over the age of 40.
What Is Cancer Staging?
Your doctor will perform a staging procedure if you’ve been diagnosed with kidney cancer. Staging is a word used to characterize cancer’s location and extent of dissemination, and it aids doctors in determining the best treatment options.
Doctors can also use staging to estimate a patient’s chances of recovery or prognosis. Survival rates are frequently mentioned while discussing prospects. A four-year survival rate, for instance, refers to the percentage of patients who lived for at least four years after being diagnosed with cancer.
Knowing survival statistics by stage might help you grasp your prognosis as your kidney cancer progresses, but each person’s condition is different. How effectively you respond to treatment, as well as other risk factors, impact your chances of survival.
How Is Kidney Cancer Staged?
The TNM system is one approach used by doctors to stage kidney cancer.
- T stands for the original tumor’s size and whether or not it has spread to adjacent tissue.
- Figure N is used to determine the extent to which the malignancy has progressed to lymph nodes.
- M shows if the malignancy has migrated to other organs or lymph nodes that are further away.
If the cancer is classified as T1, N0, M0, it implies you have a tiny tumor in one kidney that hasn’t migrated to your lymph nodes or other organs. A stage number of 1 to 4 is assigned to kidney cancer. These stages indicate tumors that have a similar prognosis and, as a result, are treated similarly. The lower the stage number, the higher your chances of recovery; however, each person’s condition is different.
Stage 1 Kidney Cancer: A Closer Look
The least aggressive stage is Stage 1, which has the maximum five-year survival rate. The malignant tumor is classified as T1 in the TNM classification because it is relatively minor in the initial stage. Because the tumor only affects one kidney and there’s no indication that it’s spread to lymph nodes or other organs, it’s given the N0 and M0 labels. In stage 1, the malignant kidney will be removed, and no further treatment is required. There is a fair possibility of recovery. Stage 1 kidney cancer has a 93 percent five-year survival rate.
Stage 2 Kidney Cancer: A Closer Look
The tumor is greater than 7 cm wide at this stage, yet it only occurs in the kidney. It is classified as T2. However, because there is no indication that it has spread to adjacent lymph nodes or other organs, it is likewise classified as N0 and M0, much as stage 1. A stage 2 malignant kidney will almost certainly be removed, much as a stage 1 cancerous kidney, and follow-up therapy may not be required.
Stage 3 Kidney Cancer: A Closer Look
For stage 3 kidney cancer, the TNM system provides two situations. The tumor has developed into a major vein and surrounding tissue in the first scenario but has not reached nearby lymph nodes. T3, N0, M0 is the abbreviation for this. The tumor in the second scenario might be any size and can develop outside of the kidney. Cancer cells have also infiltrated adjacent lymph nodes in this example but have not progressed any further. T1-T3, N1, and M0 are considered. Treatment will be vigorous in any scenario. The lymph nodes are surgically removed if the malignancy has spread to them.
Stage 4 Kidney Cancer: A Closer Look
There are two classifications for stage 4 kidney cancer. The tumor had grown bigger and had penetrated tissue beyond the kidney in the first case. It might have migrated to neighboring lymph nodes or not, but it hasn’t yet metastasized. T4, any N, M0 is the designation in this situation. The tumor in the second case can be any size, be in lymph nodes, and have spread to other organs or lymph nodes: any T, any N, M1. Stage 4 kidney cancer survival rate is 10%.
Getting started on your treatment as soon as feasible will avoid reaching the final stages of kidney cancer and improve your chances of survival. Surgical removal of the tumor, immunotherapy medicines, and targeted drugs are all possibilities for treatment.
All American Hospice is ready to assist you in any way we can if you require professionals. You may reach out to us right now for additional information on our expert caregiving and support for kidney cancer.