The classic definition of basic needs includes a list of essentials one needs to live a healthy and safe life. “Basic Needs” is a term introduced by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in an effort to qualify human needs and satisfaction when creating national and international policies.
The United Nations and their subsidiary organizations have since used basic life necessities as important qualifiers to quantify poverty and shortages in economically developing nations. The basic needs concept looks into the bare minimum resources essential for prolonged health or physical security. The conventional list highlights four basic needs including shelter, food, water, and clothing. Modern lists do not limit to the four traits but also include access to education, sanitation, and healthcare.
What Are the Basic Needs of Man?
The traditional list above emphasizes consumption of the “needs” as a way to measure necessity. Organizations look into how much water or shelter is required for the population they’re investigating and compare these numbers to how much water and shelter are accessible. If there is more need than what’s available, the community falls towards the “poverty line” if not below it. Governing bodies can use this information to invest and provide aid in areas the community needs it the most.
While this traditional example of basic needs still holds true, some agencies use additional development measurements and programs. These companies value the basic physical, mental, and emotional needs of people within communities. Developmental programs focus on meeting people’s basic requirements without an effect on economic growth. Not investing in economically productive traits can help a community grow deeper by giving individuals the independence to assist each other in the future. This process takes longer than the traditional economical approach, but by choosing to converse with the community in need, the long-term benefits for the people are far better. Allowing people to participate in government processes promotes individual independence and a shared goal to bring up the community.
Defining basic needs has not been an easy endeavor but is the cornerstone in the classic measurement of societal and absolute poverty. The definition is not limited to countries and developing communities but is used on a local scale as well.
Communities in North America have used the basic needs principle to tackle food insecurity on a local and nationwide level. Canada and the United States have local programs that provide money for food and shelter, especially through harsh conditions such as freezing winters and dry summers. Some local organizations target communities most at risk to provide more access to healthcare and relevant education.
Aid with education can come in the form of free financial workshops or subsidized fees depending on the household’s income level. Once people are under the care of an educational system, most of them can further receive nutritional assistance through food pantries. With a rising number of students experiencing food insecurity or homelessness, college campuses have strived to provide basic care for those who need it.
Basic needs can be fulfilled in various aspects of one’s life. When you need assistance, it’s best to reach out to someone who can provide what you need. Here at All American Hospice, we have experts well versed in the kind of care you deserve.