Lung Cancer and All You Should Know About It

Lung Cancer and All You Should Know About It- blog

Lung Cancer and All You Should Know About It

Cancer is a dangerous disease that affects different parts of the body. Various reports suggest that cancer is considered to be one of the leading diseases in the world. The most common types are lung and breast cancer, and they annually claim the lives of millions of people.

It is impossible to predict or protect yourself from cancer; that is why the information about this terrifying disease will be useful for everyone. We strongly advise you to consult a specialist if you have any lung cancer-related symptoms.

How to Minimize the Risks of Lung Cancer?

It is impossible to prevent lung cancer or any type of cancer at all. However, there are some ways that can help you to minimize the risks of getting it. First of all, you should be mindful of the environment you live in. Polluted air has a terrible impact on your lungs and body.

Take hot showers on a regular basis to clean your lungs and nasal cavities. Try to give up bad habits such as smoking and eating junk food. Take care of your diet and eat more vegetables and fruits, and don’t forget to take vitamins as they help our bodies to fight bacteria. Drink more water as being hydrated is a key element of staying healthy.

Doing more exercise will make you healthier and help to improve your lungs’ strength. However, all of these tips won’t guarantee that you are safe, so do regular checks and visit doctors annually.

What Are the Symptoms of Lung Cancer Diagnosis?

The main symptoms for early lung cancer diagnosis are persistent cough, shortness of breath, and coughing up blood; however, the signs which are not that visible include back or shoulder pain, repeated infections, or even knee pain that can also be a sign of cancer.

The variety of symptoms and their seriousness depends on individual characteristics. It should be mentioned that the main problem is that even though detecting lung cancer at an early stage is difficult, it is vitally important to get lung cancer diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible.

If lung cancer is detected at an early stage, patients have more options for treatment and a higher chance of living a comparatively normal life.  If you notice any changes in your health or have any symptoms mentioned above, it is the right time to visit a doctor to get a thorough checking.

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What Are the Ways to Diagnose Lung Cancer?

The best ways to diagnose lung cancer are to visit doctors regularly and do a genetic test if you have any predispositions. Millions of people go through an X-ray checking annually, and if any abnormalities are found during the examination, they may be asked to do some further diagnostic tests for lung cancer.

These check-ups usually include tests like screening, lung biopsy, sputum cytology, bronchoscopy, endobronchial ultrasound, etc. And, if lung cancer is detected, you may be asked to undergo tests like CT scan, PET scan, MRI, etc. Let’s have a closer look at some diagnostic tests you may undergo if you are suspected of having lung cancer.


If you are at risk of having lung cancer, you should be regularly checked to monitor the health and condition of your lungs. This examination is usually provided for those who don’t have any symptoms of lung cancer.

If you are continuously smoking or your age is from 55 to 80, ask your doctor if screening can be beneficial to you. If you suffer from any symptoms like coughing, shortness of breath, and chest pain, talk to your doctor immediately as further checking will be needed.

Sputum Cytology

This check is considered to be the best way to confirm the diagnosis, determine the stage of lung cancer at diagnosis, and choose the right method of treatment. The sputum is checked under a microscope in order to find some abnormal or cancerous cells. However, sometimes this examination isn’t effective as some cancer cells could be missed.


This method is used to take a closer look at the bronchi and lungs. During the examination, your airways and lungs are checked with a bronchoscope, which shows an interval view of the respiratory system. Doctors usually choose to use this method when a tumor in the large airways is found.

Endobronchial ultrasound

This is a modern technique that is used for a diagnostic check for lung cancer. It can be done during bronchoscopy to gather more information about the diagnosis. Though it is considered to be one of the best tests for lung cancer, as it may allow you to avoid going through unnecessary surgery, it still can have some complications such as bleeding or infection.

A lung cancer diagnosis can change your life dramatically. If you or your loved ones are diagnosed with lung cancer, our company is ready to provide a highly-qualified service for patients that need care. We provide assistance and offer 24/7 home care service and palliative care and hospice as well.

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What Are the Stages of Lung Cancer?

It is vitally important to know the stage of lung cancer, as it provides you with information about the location and size of a tumor, and tell you whether cancer has already spread to other organs or not. Lung cancer is divided into six stages, such as:

  • Occult stage
  • Stage 0
  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Stage IV
Each stage has its own characteristics and is dangerous in its own way. During the occult or so-called hidden stage, your mucus may show the possession of cancer cells, but a tumor can’t be seen while doing image scans or biopsy.

Stage 0 is determined by a small tumor with cancer cells that have not spread outside or deeper into your lungs. The first stage is known to have cancer in your lung tissues but not in your lymph nodes. In the 2nd stage, cancer cells may spread to your lymph nodes near your lungs. Stage 3 is known for seeing further cancer cells spreading to the lymph nodes and the middle of your chest. In the 4th stage, cancer has already spread throughout your body to various organs and bones.

What Should I Expect If I Have Stage 4 Lung Cancer Diagnosis?

Stage 4 lung cancer diagnosis shows that cancer has metastasized around the body and can be found in the bones, brain, liver, and various organs. The lifespan for those who are diagnosed with Stage 4 lung cancer may vary according to individual cases.

There are many things that should be taken into consideration when we talk about possible chances for life expectancy and future forecasts. First, cancer may spread all over the body or may just be located in some areas. Secondly, factors such as age, gender, general health condition, response to treatment, and some other things, play an essential role as well.

It is vital to remember that statistics don’t reflect the whole picture of life expectancy of those who are suffering from the 4th lung cancer stage, as new treatments appear and are studied in clinical trials regularly. Surely, this stage can’t be cured, but one should remember that it can be treated, and the treatment may not only improve the survival rate but also can help to get rid of the symptoms of lung cancer.

Researches show that the main idea for fighting the disease is to accept it and know how to deal with it. Don’t hesitate to ask questions and try not to lose hope, even if it sounds impossible.

All American Home Care is proud to say that we have the best caregivers who are passionate about their work. We consider everyone to be a part of our huge and beloved family and take care of all our members. If you are looking for a professional service and highly qualified nursing and caregivers’ team, don’t hesitate to contact us at any time.

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